In front of you is not one, but a whole complex of technologies, which differ in the way, place of implementation, appearance and design of elements. For example, artificial "roots" can be cylindrical, screw-shaped, cone-shaped.
Implants are not always made of metal; they are often made of ceramic and sometimes even plastic. The procedure and timing also depend on the technology: there are both one-stage and two-stage techniques. In the first case, the implant is loaded immediately - after visiting the dental clinic, the patient can use the new teeth. In the second case, you have to wait 3 to 6 months for the intra-maxillary structure to fuse with the bone tissue.
Let's talk about the most popular types.
1. Intraosseous dental implants. This is the most common technique in which root replacement elements are placed directly into the jawbone. If the teeth have been extracted recently and there are no inflammatory processes, the doctor can use the remaining holes. Otherwise, they are created anew - a strictly defined shape.
The implants themselves can be helical or cylindrical, depending on where they are placed.
An important condition for the procedure is a good condition of the bone tissue. If it has been atrophied for a long time, it will have to be restored. And if this is not possible for some reason, it is better to use other methods or consider removable prostheses.
2. Root-shaped implants. This is the most popular type of artificial roots. In size and shape they are close to the real one, and therefore their installation is practically free of complications. Unlike those used in the past, they can be embedded in relatively thin bone tissue.
Root-shaped implants can be screw-shaped or cylindrical. In the first case they resemble real screws and are screwed into the bone. This makes the construction as stable and secure as possible. Cylindrical implants have a special coating with pores, which makes them quickly adhere to the tissue.
Stages of the procedure
Depending on the technology, the implantation is done in one or more stages. There are techniques in which the jaw is immediately loaded after the artificial root is placed by placing a crown on a metal or ceramic post. In some cases, the tooth is replaced immediately after extraction - the doctor does not need to build up tissue or make a new hole.
There is a simple rule in implantation: the earlier you go to the dental clinic, the easier and faster the procedure will be.
The standard technology looks like this:
- The surgeon removes the diseased tooth or the remains of a damaged tooth. This can be done long before the implants are placed, but then you have to do osteoplasty and a new hole.
- Examination and preparation of the jaw. At this stage, the doctor builds up the bone tissue, prepares the hole where the metal part will be placed. This stage can take several months. If you have had osteoplasty, the material must fuse with the bone tissue.
- Placement of the implant. The standard technique divides this stage into two parts: first the metal root is placed, three months later the gum shaper is placed, and two weeks later the casts for the crown are taken.
- Fixation of the prosthesis itself. It is usually made of ceramic, but other options - plastic or coated metal alloys - are also available. After that, the procedure is complete and you can use your new teeth as you did before.
As a rule, the whole process takes about six months. But in some cases, the doctor can place crowns immediately after the introduction of artificial roots - it is convenient for adentia or partial absence of teeth. Prostheses will be temporary, and in a few months they will install permanent ones, if the healing goes well.
Crowns last up to 10 years - after some time you have to come back to the clinic and replace them with new ones. Unfortunately, you can't do without it: even the strongest material wears out with use over time and needs to be replaced.