Forms of Allergy in Dentistry
Depending on the nature of allergens, experts name several mechanisms for the development of allergies:
- Medicinal - the reaction of the body to any substances that are included in the composition of drugs. Most often, patients of the dental clinic have a reaction to anesthetics, as well as agents used in teeth whitening. The reaction is provoked by the contact of some components of the drug with the oral mucosa. It is also possible after the administration of the drug by injection.
- Contact - a reaction that occurs when tissues come into contact with the filling material, with the surface of the crown, bracket system. Despite the fact that manufacturers use high-quality raw materials in the manufacture of prostheses, some patients experience an undesirable reaction to it.
- Psychogenic - associated with the presence of fear in the patient when visiting the dentist's office. The most common psychosomatic reaction to the administered drug is fainting.
In some cases, even the latex from which the doctor's gloves are made can cause allergies.
Symptoms of drug and contact allergies have common features. The reaction of the body to allergens is manifested by the following unpleasant symptoms:
- Swelling of the oral mucosa;
- The appearance of a skin rash;
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Sore throat;
- Dry mouth;
- Breathing problems;
- Heart palpitations;
- Increase in body temperature.
Allergy to a filling can be manifested by prolonged tooth pain, swelling of the gums. This reaction is caused by the ingredients that are included in the filling material.
Causes of Allergy
An allergic reaction becomes a consequence of the response of the immune system to an irritant. Allergies can be caused by:
- Genetic factors;
- Vascular problems;
- Dentist's mistake when choosing an anesthetic.
Allergy can be the result of individual reactions of the body in the process of wearing a denture with a deterioration in its fixation and the occurrence of gum injury. With prolonged use of the prosthesis, its natural wear occurs, which can increase the concentration of allergenic substances.
Each dentist has the skills to provide first aid for allergies. Dental rooms are equipped with first aid kits, including anti-shock medicines. If an allergy occurs, the dentist immediately removes the irritant, after which he injects with an antihistamine.
Patients who show signs of allergy to dental materials should notify their physician. This will allow the dentist to select the necessary tools and materials that are safe for a particular patient. In the event of an allergy to the prosthesis, it is replaced with a new one, antihistamine therapy is carried out.