Pericoronitis is an inflammation of the soft tissues of the gums surrounding the tooth. The disease often manifests itself near the wisdom teeth, when they have a partially erupted crown part. As a rule, the eighth dental units in a row do not carry any significant functionality in the oral cavity, and in the presence of this inflammatory process, they are removed by the dentist.
Causes of pericoronitis
In most cases, pericoronitis occurs on teeth that are about to erupt or are already erupting. The most common cause for the appearance of the disease is the incorrect eruption of the 8th dental unit, as a result of which the soft tissues become inflamed and accumulate harmful bacteria around them.
Why do wisdom teeth erupt incorrectly? Evolution is to blame for everything, during which the G-8 is not required for modern man. The jaw arch has been reduced during development, and there is not enough room for new teeth to develop normally and grow healthy at the right angle. However, in some people, dental tissue is still formed correctly.
To aggravate the disease, as well as accelerate its development, such accompanying complications as:
- Gingival hyperplasia.
- Ill-formed bite.
- Deviation from the correct anatomical shape/size of the teeth.
Symptoms of the inflammatory process
In conditions of inactive eruption of dental units, the patient does not feel any pain or discomfort. Pericoronitis manifests itself at the moment when the tooth begins to rapidly develop and grow. The disease is characterized by the primary symptom in the form of itching, there is a desire to touch the gum, massage, scratch it.
With the progression of the disease, more visible signs appear: swelling of the gums, redness, pain with pressure or contact. Also, one of the main symptoms is the formation of a gingival hood - an overhanging of the inflamed mucosa over the crown of the tooth. This can also be seen when looking at the house on your own.
It is worth noting that an increase in body temperature, an increase in lymph nodes, the presence of pus also indicate the onset of the disease.
How is the treatment carried out
Before starting any treatment, the doctor determines the stage of development of pericoronitis. There are only 5 forms of the disease: catarrhal, ulcerative, acute, postmolar and chronic purulent. In the initial stages, therapy is possible by conservative methods, but if the process is started, then tooth extraction is necessary.
You can cure a tooth yourself with catarrhal or ulcerative pericoronitis by means of anti-inflammatory ointments or gel, as well as by rinsing the mouth with antiseptic solutions, soda. But despite this, a visit to the dentist is extremely necessary. The doctor must examine the affected area and prescribe the treatment himself.
In a situation where you need to resort to tooth extraction, a number of medical measures are used. They are divided into the following stages:
- Dissection of the formed gingival hood.
- Treatment of the injured area with an antiseptic.
- Removal of the gum mucosa.
- Wisdom tooth extraction.