Types of prosthetics on implants

/ Types of prosthetics on implants

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Advantages of prosthetics on implants

Dental restoration using implants has a number of advantages, due to which this service is in high demand among patients:

  • Creating the necessary load on the bone tissue.
  • No need to use healthy teeth.
  • The versatility of designs, allowing them to be used for all patients.
  • Simple care.
  • Durability and high aesthetics.

Proper care and adherence to the recommendations of a specialist allow you to use implants throughout your life. At the same time, the dentures themselves can be replaced if necessary.

Options for prosthetics on implants

Unlike classical prosthetics, when dentures are installed on healthy teeth, prosthetics on implants involve installation on special pins. Modern dentistry offers the following types of prostheses on implants:

  • Crowns - A single crown is placed when one tooth is missing. For prosthetics of the teeth of the chewing group, prostheses made of zirconium, metal-ceramic are most often used. Outwardly, they do not differ from their own teeth, for a long time retain their color and shine.
  • Bridges - allow you to restore from 3 to 5 lost teeth. The installation of the structure does not require turning the teeth, they are distinguished by simple maintenance and a long service life. Bridges are made of metal-plastic, cermet and zirconium.
  • Full dentures - suitable for installation in the complete absence of teeth in the jaw. With the help of pins, it is possible to achieve perfect fixation of prostheses, which ensures comfort and convenience for the patient. Depending on the design, prostheses can be made of acrylic, nylon, zirconium dioxide.

There are several ways to install prostheses on implants. They depend on the type of prosthetics, the type of fastening, the material from which the prostheses are made. The specialist selects the best option, taking into account the age of the patient, his state of health, personal preferences.

Sometimes mini-implants are used as temporary structures or to support a removable prosthesis. In contrast to the classical model, they are smaller in size, non-traumatic installation, fast fusion of the pin with bone tissue.

Installation steps

In the dental clinic, patients are offered the installation of prostheses with partial or complete loss of teeth. The process of the procedure is represented by the following diagram:

  • Initial visit including diagnostics and consultation. At this stage, the doctor selects the optimal method of prosthetics.
  • Preparation of the oral cavity for the procedure. Treatment of teeth, gums is prescribed and carried out, professional cleaning of teeth is carried out.
  • Bone augmentation is carried out according to indications.
  • Selection of implants using computer simulation.
  • Implantation of implants according to the chosen protocol.
  • The installation of the prosthesis is carried out after a certain period of time.

Regardless of the method of implantation, temporary prostheses are initially installed. They allow you to go through the adaptation period gently and comfortably.

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Types of prosthetics on implants
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