Crooked, darkened teeth ruin the natural beauty of a smile, making people feel self-conscious and complex. Fortunately, modern dentistry has technology that can help solve problems with poor smile aesthetics quickly and effectively. One such technology is veneers on the front teeth. And below we will tell you in detail what veneers are, in which cases it is advisable to use them.
Restoration of anterior teeth with veneers: indications and contraindications
Like any other dental procedure, this type of aesthetic reconstruction has its own indications and contraindications. It is advisable to resort to veneer restorations in the following circumstances:
- Changes in the natural shade of enamel due to procedures for the treatment of root canals, taking various pharmaceutical drugs.
- Curvature of teeth, their insufficient length.
- The presence of wide and noticeable interdental spaces.
- Chips, cracks, stains on the natural enamel coating of teeth.
When talking about the indications for veneers on the front teeth, it should be noted that the desire to whiten the enamel is not. To get a whiter smile with straight teeth, dentists recommend resorting to traditional whitening techniques.
It is important to understand that the installation of veneers will not solve the problem of an abnormal bite and in this case it is contraindicated. In this case, first the correction of bite defects is carried out with braces. Veneers restoration of the front teeth must be abandoned if the tooth is severely decayed (more than 50%), if the person has bruxism and the habit of chewing hard objects with his teeth.
Veneers can be placed on both live and pulpy teeth.
Materials for making veneers for front teeth
Not only ceramics and composite photopolymers, but also zirconium dioxide can be used to make veneers for the front teeth. The aesthetic and performance characteristics, durability, and price will depend on the material used for the production of the veneer.
Which veneers are best for front teeth restoration?
Each type of veneers has its advantages and disadvantages, with which you must be introduced by a specialist in dentistry before you make your choice in favor of a particular species.
Dentists rarely recommend zirconia veneers for front teeth because they require removing a significant thickness of natural enamel, and in addition, zirconia veneers may not adhere well to dental surfaces if not installed properly.
From the point of view of professionals, ceramic veneers are the best option for aesthetic restorations in the area of the front teeth, perfectly reproducing the natural tooth enamel shade and surface texture. Ceramic veneers are made in a specialized laboratory, so it is possible to achieve the tightest fit to the tooth surface, which ensures high aesthetics and extra strength of the overlay.
Composite veneers on the front teeth are undesirable, because photopolymers do not give the desired degree of transparency, with time they lose their nice and natural gloss and can noticeably stand out against natural teeth.
Durability and other useful details about veneers on the front teeth
The placement of veneers on dental surfaces does not harm the health of the teeth in any way, but provided that the plates are properly made and properly fixed on the teeth. When attaching the veneer on the front teeth, the specialist must check the tightness and evenness of the joint between the natural tissue and the microprosthesis. If there is no tightness, there is a high risk of pathogenic microorganisms entering the gap and cavities developing on the tooth in the future.
Keep in mind that if you will be placed classic veneers on the teeth, rather than lumineers, you can not remove them later permanently - only replace the old pads with new ones. The color of the veneers is matched to the natural shade of the enamel and uses a specialized scale, but in principle, if the patient wishes, the microprostheses can be made in any tone. Properly used veneers do not darken, but if that happens, it is not allowed to bleach the plates. It is necessary to contact the dentist and order the fabrication of new microprostheses of the desired color shade.
The useful life of veneers is also worth mentioning. The average lifespan of microprostheses is 10-15 years. But this is provided that they are properly cared for. Hygiene of the oral cavity after the placement of veneers on the front teeth should be carried out regularly and especially carefully. Excessively hard foods should be excluded from the diet, and you should not try to open bottles, chew candy or nuts with your teeth, it is also necessary to abstain from food containing bright colors. The area of the restoration should be protected from injury, and if you have a habit of gritting your teeth while sleeping - at night it is recommended to wear a special mouth guard.